Published: November 17 2023
This year marks the 150th anniversary of the unification of Pest, Buda, and Óbuda, creating the vibrant capital city of Budapest. The merger took place on 17 November 1873 and was a significant milestone in the city's history. In this article, we will explore the background of the unification and the growth of Budapest as a modern metropolis.
The Unification of Pest and Buda
The idea of merging Pest and Buda was first proposed by István Széchenyi in the 1830s. After the War of Independence, the siege of Pest was lifted in 1854, and the city quickly became an economic, commercial, and intellectual center. The government offices were located in Buda, giving the right bank of the city its prominence. The unification process lasted for a year and finally culminated in the Assembly of Honour on 17 November 1873, where the Metropolitan Council was established. This significant event is now celebrated as a public holiday in Budapest.
The Development of a Modern Metropolis
With the unification of Pest and Buda, plans were drawn up for the creation of a modern metropolis. The Andrássy government introduced initiatives for the redevelopment of the Danube riverbank, the construction of bridges, roads, ports, and public warehouses. To finance these projects, a State Treasury was established, and the Budapest Public Works Council was formed in 1870. These developments paved the way for the rapid growth of Budapest, which by 1890 had a population exceeding half a million. By 1900, Budapest had become the eighth largest city in Europe.
The 150th Anniversary Celebration
To commemorate the 150th anniversary of the unification of Pest, Buda, and Óbuda, Budapest has planned a spectacular programme of events from 17-19 November. The celebrations will showcase the rich history and cultural heritage of the city, allowing residents and visitors alike to reflect on the growth and achievements of Budapest over the past century and a half.
The unification of Pest, Buda, and Óbuda in 1873 created the vibrant capital city of Budapest. Over the past 150 years, Budapest has grown into a modern metropolis, attracting people from all over the world with its rich history, stunning architecture, and vibrant culture. As the city celebrates this significant milestone, it is an opportunity to reflect on its remarkable journey and look forward to a bright future ahead.
Questions & Answers
When was Budapest created? Budapest was created on 17 November 1873.
Which cities were merged to form Budapest? Pest, Buda, and Óbuda were merged to form Budapest.
Who suggested the unification of Pest and Buda? The unification of Pest and Buda was first suggested by István Széchenyi in the 1830s.
Who was the first mayor of Budapest? The first mayor of Budapest was Károly Kamermayer.
What were the population numbers of Buda, Pest, and Old Buda at the time of the unification? At the time of the unification, Buda had 54,000 inhabitants, Pest had 200,000 inhabitants, and Old Buda had 16,000 inhabitants.
How did the population of Budapest change after the unification? By 1890, the population of Budapest had exceeded half a million. In 1900, Budapest was already the eighth largest European city.
How is the 150th anniversary of Budapest's unification being celebrated? The capital is celebrating the 150th anniversary of the unification of Pest, Buda, and Óbuda with a spectacular programme of events from 17-19 November.